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Umweltverbände finden RTRS-Soja unverantwortlich
WWF unter Druck
Stichwörter: Greenwash Plantagen Pressemitteilung

Pressemitteilung 13.05.2009

München, 13.05. - Wer gentechnisch verändertes Soja als 'verantwortlich produziertes Soja' auszeichnet, der täuscht die Verbraucher und fördert die weitere Ausdehnung von Sojamonokulturen. Der vom WWF initiierte "Runde Tisch für die verantwortungsvolle Nutzung von Soja" (RTRS) beabsichtigt genau dies zu tun und deshalb fordern über 60 Umweltorganisationen weltweit die Auflösung der Initiative RTRS.

Martin Glöckle von Pro REGENWALD sagt:"Der Runde Tisch RTRS will Ende Mai Kriterien verabschieden, die zu weiteren Sojamonokulturen führen werden, die gentechnisch verändertes Soja als nachhaltig erklären und die zu schwach sind, um wichtige Ökosysteme wie den Cerrado in Brasilien oder den Chaco in Paraquay zu schützen."

Nach Ansicht der kritischen Umweltschützer ist der ganze Prozess eine Farce. Auf Initiative des WWF entstanden vereint der "Runde Tisch für die verantwortungsvolle Nutzung von Soja" (RTRS) heute alle Wirtschaftszweige, die mit Soja zu tun haben. Zu seinen Mitgliedern gehören Produzenten, Verarbeiter und Händler, außerdem Umwelt- und Sozialverbände. Außer Monsanto und Syngenta gehören dem Kreis Unternehmen wie Bunge, Cargill und Unilever an.

Zertifizierungskritiker Glöckle von Pro REGENWALD: "Mit dem Beitritt der Gentechnikkonzerne Syngenta und Monsanto zum RTRS, ist der Runde Tisch zur reinen Greenwashing Operation geworden. Das kann kein Umweltverband mehr mittragen - deshalb muss der Unsinn abgestellt werden."

Letter of critical opposition to the “Round Table on Responsible Soy”

April 2009

We, the undersigned, call for the abandonment of the Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS), on the following grounds:

1. RTRS allows and encourages the expansion of soy monocultures

The expansion of soy monocultures is resulting in:

  • Environmental degradation, including: loss of forests and savannahs due to direct destruction by soy monocultures or displacement of existing agriculture (particularly cattle ranching and small holder agriculture); related losses of biodiversity; release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere through land-use changes, fertiliser use including NOx emissions; soil erosion and disruption of surface and ground water and rainfall patterns;
  • Socioeconomic problems such as land conflicts leading to human rights violations, loss of livelihoods, and expulsion of rural communities, small farmers and indigenous peoples from their land. Such expulsions are effectively forcing displacement of the local population into urban poverty or previously undisturbed natural areas, violating communities’ fundamental right to food, increasing concentration of land ownership by big companies, and feeding rises in related rural unemployment, low employment and slavery-like conditions on industrial farms, poverty, malnutrition, rising food prices and loss of food security and sovereignty due to displacement of staple food crops and increasing corporate control over food production; and
  • Severe health problems and poisoning in the local population due to the over-use of agrochemicals.

2. RTRS promotes GM soy as “responsible”

The RTRS will enable the certification of genetically modified (GM) soy as "responsible", even though there is increasing evidence that after a few years of GM soy cultivation, both overall agrochemical use and resistance problems increase substantially.

Brazil recorded nearly an 80 per cent increase in the use of the herbicide Roundup (based on glyphosate) between 2000 and 2005, and a 15-fold increase was recorded in the United States between 1994 and 2005.[1] This has led to an increase in herbicide-resistant weeds in Brazil,[2] Argentina,[3][4] and the United States,[5] pushing farmers onto a new pesticide treadmill of increasing applications of glyphosate-based herbicides in addition to other herbicides (such as the more dangerous Paraquat).[6][7] As a result, GM soy has increased production costs and environmental degradation rather than decreasing them as promised by GM companies. Neither does GM soy increase yields[8] or increase ability to crop in dry or salty land, as often cited by supporters.[9]

Use of Roundup Ready (RR) soy (genetically engineered to tolerate glyphosate-based herbicide) has also facilitated indiscriminate fumigations (often by aerial spraying) affecting human health, food crops and the environment. A report by the Rural Reflection Group (Grupo de Reflexión Rural, or GRR, from Argentina) documents how spraying glyphosate-based herbicides on RR soy leads to an increase in health problems in the countryside such as cases of cancer at early ages, birth defects, lupus, kidney problems, respiratory ailments and dermatitis, evidenced by the accounts of rural doctors, experts and the residents of dozens of farming towns.[10]

GM crops are rejected by millions of consumers, NGOs and governments all over the world for many reasons. This means the vast majority of the GM soya crop can only be sold as animal feed and meat, dairy products and eggs produced using GM feed are sold unlabelled in the countries that reject GM as food for humans. There is mounting scientific controversy as to the adverse impacts of GM on health and the environment, as seen by recent studies produced in France,[11] Austria,[12] the US,[13][14] and Sweden.[15] These studies demonstrate that we do not yet fully understand the impacts of GM cultivation and use on human and animal health, soil structure, and biodiversity. Their widespread use should therefore be halted to prevent irrevocable harm.

3. RTRS principles and criteria are too weak to protect the integrity and biodiversity of the Amazon, Cerrado, Chaco and other regions from immediate, severe, and irreversible degradation

The Amazon, Cerrado, Chaco and other regions are under immediate threat from a constellation of damaging agricultural practices and social impacts, as described above, for which soy cultivation is a core enabling factor. The RTRS principles and criteria cannot and will not effectively address these issues.

Unless these immediate crises are addressed promptly, which cannot be done through voluntary certification, these regions will be reduced from farmland to wasteland, and the smallholders and indigenous people of Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and elsewhere will be displaced and become the new urban poor.

By providing a cover of “sustainability” for an inherently unsustainable system of production, the RTRS is an obstacle to progress. We call on governments, civil society and companies to tackle the real problems (e.g., over-consumption, inequitable distribution of resources like land and water) and to promote real solutions such as:

  • phasing out GM and intensive non-GM soy in favour of agricultural practices which work with nature instead of against it, like organic agriculture and integrated crop management;
  • executing land reforms in producing countries, which will address highly inequitable land ownership and concentration;
  • substituting soy in animal feed with locally-grown protein crops in importing countries;
  • stopping the promotion of large scale agrofuel production as a sustainable solution;
  • developing better transport systems that reduce demand for energy and fuel; and
  • increased government support for diversification of production and stimulation of local production for local markets that contribute to food security and food sovereignty in producer and consumer countries.

The RTRS process will not deliver improvements in these or a host of other areas and should be abandoned.

Signed (groups):

Anthra – Hyderabad, Andhar Pradesh, India

Arbeitsgemeinschaft bäuerliche Landwirtschaft – Lüneburg, Germany

A SEED Europe – Europe

Associação dos Consumidores de Produtos Orgânicos do Paraná – Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

Base Investigaciones Sociales – Paraguay

Biofuelwatch – UK

Britain-Vietnam Friendship Society – UK

Campaña “No te Comas el Mundo” (Entrepobles, Xarxa de l'Observatori del deute en la Globalització, Xarxa de Consum Solidari, Veterinaris Sense Fronteres), Spain

Carbon Trade Watch – Netherlands / UK / Spain

Centro de desenvolvimento Sustentável e Agroecologia Sapucaia – Amargosa, Brazil

Centro de Referência do Movimento da Cidadania Pelas Águas Florestas e Montanhas Iguassu Iterei (Iguassu Iterei Water, Forest, Mountain Citizenship Movement Reference Centre) – São Paulo, Brazil

Centro "E. Balducci" Udine – Italy

Colectivo La Otra Movida – Buenos Aires, Argentina

Community Alliance for Global Justice, Seattle, WA, USA

Corporate Europe Observatory – Europe

Ecological Society of the Philippines

Ecologistas en Acción, Spain

EcoNexus – UK

Ecoportal.Net – Buenos Aires, Argentina

EdPAC (Educación para la Acción Crítica) – Barcelona, Spain

Enginyeria Sense Fronteres – Barcelona, Spain

FERN (Forests & the European Union Resource Network) – Brussels, Europe

FIAN Austria – Vienna, Austria

FIAN International – International

FIAN Netherlands – Netherlands

49th Parallel Biotechnology Consortium – Australia, Canada, Columbia, South Africa, UK, USA

Fórum Carajás – Brazil

Forum for Biotechnology & Food Security – New Delhi, India

Friends of the Earth Australia

Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Friends of the Earth France

Friends of the Earth International

Friends of the Earth Spain (Amigos de la Tierra España)

Gen-ethical Network, Berlin, Germany

Glasgow Group, Friends of the Earth Scotland

Global Forest Coalition (members: BIOM – Kyrgystan; BROC – Russia; Friends of the Siberian Forests – Russia; Viola – Russia; Dzelkova – Georgia; Tarun Bharat Sangh – India; Lokayan – India; Kalpavriksh – India; Atree - Bangalore India; Atree – Nepal; The Resources Himalaya Foundation – Nepal; Nefan – Nepal; The Wildlife Trust – Bangladesh; AT – Brazil; Terra di Direitos – Brazil; Sobrevivencia – Paraguay; Alter Vida – Paraguay; Censat Agua Viva, Amigos de la Tierra, Colombia; COECO-CEIBA - Costa Rica; The Asociación Indigena de Limoncocha – Ecuador; CENDAH – Panama; Fundación para el Conocimiento Tradicional – Panama; Friends of the Earth – Argentina; CODEFF – Chile; Institute for Cultural Affairs – Ghana; Justica Ambiental – Mozambique; The Centre for Environment and Development – Cameroon; The National Association of Professional Environmentalists – Uganda; Timberwatch - South Africa; IIN – Kenya; Global Justice Ecology Project – USA; FoE – Australia; TWOE – Aotearoa; PIPEC - New Zealand; The Ole Siosiomaga Society – Samoa; RMI - The Institute for Forest and the Environment – Indonesia; ICTI – Tanimbar Indonesia; Cordillera Peoples Alliance – Philippines; Impac – Thailand)

GM Freeze – UK

GMWatch – UK


GRR-Fundación Pasos – Argentina

Grupo de Reflexión Rural – Argentina

Grupo Semillas – Colombia

Institute for Responsible Technology – Fairfield, Iowa, USA

Iterei–Refúgio Particular de Animais Nativos (Iterei Private Fauna and Flora Reserve, affiliated to the Planet Society of Unesco’s Culture of Peace) – São Paulo, Brazil Kheti Virasat Mission – Punjab, India

Living Farms – Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

MPA (Movimento dos Pequenos Agricultores) – Brazil

Mouvement Ecologique – Luxembourg

NOAH - Friends of the Earth Denmark

PRO ECO grupo ecologista – Asociación Civil – Tafí Viejo, Tucumán, Argentina

pro-Natural Food Scotland – Glasgow, Scotland

Pro REGENWALD – Germany, München

Proyecto Gran Simio (GAP/PGS - España) Asociacion Internacional e Nacional – Madrid, Spain

Rettet den Regenwald, Germany / Salva la Selva, Alemania

Shramik Janata Vikas Sanstha Medha – Maharashtra, India

Scottish Green Party

Soil Association – UK

SOLIFONDS – Zurich, Switzerland

Soya Alliance – International

Sunray Harvesters – Mhow Cantt., India

Terræ Organização da Sociedade Civil – São Paulo, Brazil

Thanal – Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Theomai Society, Nature and Development Studies Network – Patagonia, Argentina

Transgenics Fora! – Barcelona, Spain

Union paysanne – Québec, Canada

Via Campesina European Coordination

Washington Biotechnology Action Council, Seattle, USA

World Rainforest Movement – Uruguay


  1. These figures are based respectively on Brazilian government and US government data, and are cited in “The only responsible soy is less soy: The Roundtable on Responsible Soy frustrates real solutions”, Friends of the Earth International statement – 22 April 2008, . The US government data are also cited in “Agricultural Pesticide Use in US Agriculture”, Center for Food Safety, May 2008. Data on herbicide use in the US after the introduction of GM crops in 1996 until 2004 are available in Benbrook, C., “Genetically engineered crops and pesticide use in the United States: The first nine years”, BioTech InfoNet, Technical Paper No. 7, October 2004,
  2. Glyphosate-resistant weeds of South American cropping systems: an overview. Martin M Vila-Aiub et al. Pest Management Science, Vol. 64, Issue 4, 2007, 366-371.
  3. Argentina's bitter harvest. Branford S. New Scientist, 17 April 2004; Rust, resistance, run down soils, and rising costs — Problems facing soybean producers in Argentina. Benbrook C.M. AgBioTech InfoNet, Technical Paper No 8, Jan 2005.
  4. “Argentina: A Case Study on the Impact of Genetically Engineered Soya - How producing RR soya is destroying the food security and sovereignty of Argentina” EcoNexus (UK) and Grupo de Reflexion Rural (Argentina), April 2005,
  5. Glyphosate-Resistant Weeds: Current Status and Future Outlook. Nandula V.K et al. Outlooks on Pest Management, August 2005: 183-187; Syngenta module helps manage glyphosate-resistant weeds. Delta Farm Press, 30 May 2008,; Resistant ryegrass populations rise in Mississippi. Robinson R. Delta Farm Press, Oct 30, 2008.; Glyphosate Resistant Horseweed (Marestail) Found in 9 More Indiana Counties. Johnson B and Vince Davis V. Pest & Crop, 13 May 2005.; A Little Burndown Madness. Nice G et al. Pest & Crop, 7 Mar 2008.; To slow the spread of glyphosate resistant marestail, always apply with 2,4-D. Pest & Crop, issue 23, 2006.; Genetically-modified superweeds "not uncommon". Randerson J. New Scientist, 05 February 2002.; Elements of Precaution: Recommendations for the Regulation of Food Biotechnology in Canada. An Expert Panel Report on the Future of Food Biotechnology prepared by The Royal Society of Canada at the request of Health Canada Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Environment Canada, 2001,; Gene Flow and Multiple Herbicide Resistance in Escaped Canola Populations. Knispel A.L. et al. Weed Science, 56: 72-80, 2008.
  6. “Argentina: A Case Study on the Impact of Genetically Engineered Soya – How producing RR soya is destroying the food security and sovereignty of Argentina”. EcoNexus (UK) and Grupo de Reflexion Rural (Argentina), April 2005,
  7. The Round Table on Ir-Reponsible Soy: Certifying Soy Expansion, GM Soy and Agrofuels. ASEED Europe, April 2008, p. 19.
  8. Evidence of the Magnitude and Consequences of the Roundup Ready Soybean Yield Drag from University-Based Varietal Trials in 1998. Benbrook C. Benbrook Consulting Services Sandpoint, Idaho. Ag BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper, Number 1, 13 Jul 1999.; Glyphosate-resistant soyabean cultivar yields compared with sister lines. Elmore R.W. et al. Agronomy Journal, 93: 408-412, 2001; The Adoption of Bioengineered Crops. US Department of Agriculture Report, May 2002,
  9. GM Crops Around the World: An Accurate Picture. GM Freeze, June 2008, ; GM and Drought Tolerance. GM Freeze, July 2008, ; and GM and Saline Tolerant Crops. GM Freeze, September 2008,
  10. Argentina: Countryside No Longer Synonymous with Healthy Living. Marcela Valente, IPS, March 4 2009,
  11. Effects on Health and Environment of Transgenic (or GM) Brinjal, Séralini, G-E., January 2009,
  12. Biological effects of transgenic maize NK603xMON810 fed in long term reproduction studies in mice. Velimirov A et al. Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, Familie und Jugend Report, Forschungsberichte der Sektion IV Band 3/2008, Austria, 2008.
  13. Field-evolved resistance to Bt toxins. Bruce E Tabashnik,, Nature Biotechnology 26, 1074 - 1076 (2008), doi:10.1038/nbt1008-1074
  14. Testing Time for Substantial Equivalence: Daphnia magna survival and fitness reduced when fed MON810 (Bt Cry1Ab) maize. Bioscience Resource Project, 17 June 2008. See
  15. Genetically modified oilseed rape springs up a decade after trial crop was sown. NATURE, 1 April doi:10.1038/news.2008.729, see


# Sabrina,Marlene,Anna am 13.05.2009, 10:49

Wir haben immoment das Thema Regenwald.
Wir müssen das Thema "Regenwald" im Internet erforschen und es macht uns sehr spaß
Die seite is sehr informativ.
Der Regenwald ist eine coole sache.
Wo Sind eigetlich die ganzen Wälder?
In Afrika?:P
Naja Wir Freuen uns jedes mal diese Seite zu benutzen.
Viel Spaß noch beim bearbeiten.
Anna Marlene und Sabrina

# fiorello am 14.05.2009, 21:31

Ich gebe euch Recht, was die Kritik an Gen-Soja und der Rolle des WWF angeht. Was mir aber unklar ist, sind die daraus folgenden Konsequenzen. Muss man den WWF nun meiden, wird er von euch und anderen Organisationen geschnitten oder geächtet?
Und gibt es noch irgendwelche Möglichkeiten, den RTRS und den WWF zu stoppen?

# hermann am 06.06.2009, 23:54

In einem weiteren Offenen Brief "Anbau von Gen-Soja kann nicht nachhaltig sein" sieht ein Bündnis von Organisationen den WWF in offenen Dissens mit anderen Organisationen abdriften. Diese Organisationen werden sich, wie sie schreiben, nicht scheuen, den RTRS als greenwashing–Projekt zu bezeichnen.

Sie kritisieren im Wortlaut: 'Profitieren würden vielleicht wenige high conservation value areas, die nicht dem Anbau von Soja zum Opfer fielen, aber sicher nicht die Umwelt insgesamt und schon gar nicht die Menschen, die in den Sojaanbaugebieten leben. Sondern
in erster Linie die multinationalen Konzerne, die mit am Tisch sitzen: die Händler von Agrarmassengütern wie Bunge, ADM und Cargill, Ölfirmen auf der Suche nach Alternativen zu fossilen Treibstoffen wie Shell und BP und die Gentechnikfirmen wie Monsanto, Syngenta und Bayer. Sie alle eint das Interesse, ihre Geschäfte unbehelligt von allzu viel öffentlicher Kritik zu betreiben und gerade den Verbraucherinnen und Verbrauchern in der EU signalisieren zu können: Seht her, der Anbau von gentechnisch veränderter Soja ist nachhaltig und verantwortbar, das bescheinigt uns der WWF.'

Den Offenen Brief kann man im Wortlaut nachlesen unter:

# Knut am 11.06.2009, 16:07

Das es den Megakonzernen nicht um die Menschen vor Ort geht kann man ja an dem Eingeständnis von Shell sehn, wo in Nigeria mit ihrer Hilfe wissentlich Menschen ermordet wurden um dort Kasse zu machen. Anders wird die Motivation von Monsanto und Co am RTRS Teilzunehmen auch nicht sein. So haben sich die Bauern in Indien die in die Patentfalle von Monsanto geraten sind schon zu Tausenden umgebracht, das alles interessiert Monsanto aber nicht, sondern will mit ihren Patenten weiter Kasse machen. Angeblich um die Lebensmittelversorgung der Welt sicherzustellen. Mit der Vereinheitlichung des weltweiten Saatgutes wird genau das Gegenteil erreicht. Ernteausfälle werden immer wahrscheinlicher und wesentlich großflächiger ausfallen, da die Gentech-Sorten nicht die Klimabedingungen und Krankheiten vor Ort angepasst und daher viel anfälliger sind.
Das heißt Monsanto und Co machen mit ihrer Ausweitung ihres Saatgutes die weltweite Lebensmittelversorgung zunehmend instabiler und durch die Patentbindung der Anbauer immer unflexibler auf den zunehmenden schnellen Wandel des Klimas mit geeigneten Sorten zu reagieren.
Gentech Soja ist damit alles andere als Nachhaltig. In 13 Jahren werden die Prozesse von Nachfahren der indischen Bauern geführt werden, weil Monsanto sein Geld für das ungeeignete Saatgut trotz großflächiger Ernteausfälle haben wollte und sich mit klimatisch veränderte Bedingungen rausredetet. Das Gen-Saatgut hat den Bauern nicht wie versprochen etwas zu Essen gebracht, sondern nur Armut, Hunger und Tod.
Nicht durch einheitliche Gentechnik-Sorten, sondern nur durch bewährte und vielfältige lokale Sorten kann ein Anbauerfolg gesichert und eine stabiler Verdienst und eine nachhaltige Lebensmittelversorgung gesichert werden.
Daher schließe ich mich Herrn Glöckle an: „Der Unsinn muss abgestellt werden“.

# RugenickSn am 29.12.2010, 10:49

Hi Everybody! I'm from London but am living in Berlin at the moment.
Gotta love this site!

# Smoppystolo am 12.07.2011, 22:13

Hello, Can anybody translate this website for me? Is it german?
[url=]pozycjonowanie strony[/url]
PS. Sorry off topic ;)

# someone rude am 21.07.2011, 00:00

yea, coz PL is the domain for DEutschland -.-
it\'s polnish and google is your friend.. it\'ll help you with

# UAE escort am 05.07.2012, 15:45

well worth the read. I found very informative as I have been researching a lot lately on practical matters such as you talk about…

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